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Only perfect friendship is considered essential and not accidental and does not exclude either utility or pleasure, because what is good is also useful and pleasurable. As Sousa (2014, p. 14) points out: men who are not virtuous can only establish friendly relationships based on interest or pleasure; and men who are virtuous “can establish friendly relationships based on pleasure or utility, just as those who are not virtuous” do.

It is in this sense that Aristotle establishes a clear relationship between friendship and ethics, since perfect friendship has a clear moral function and must inspire virtuous actions. Reinforcing this link between ethics and friendship Fleitas (2016, p. 39) states: “Good men are absolutely so because they are virtuous and virtue is a habit, in such a way that the good man wishes good for himself so much even as for your friend in a permanent relationship ”.

True friendship (teleia philia) is further enriched by the nature of the two other types of friendship, that is, utility and pleasure, as Aristotle states. “Friendship for pleasure has some resemblance to this species, as good people are also mutually agreeable. The same is true of friendship out of interest, as good people are also mutually helpful ”(ARISTÓTELES, 1999, VIII, 4, 1157a 4-7).

The fact of loving the friend in itself does not exclude the pleasure and usefulness that a friendship can provide.

Aristotle still theorizes about friendship at each stage of the life of individuals, where it assumes a specific function in each age group: friendship has the function of preventing young people from embarking on the path of error, in maturity inspiring noble acts and in old age a means of protection for the needs that it brings us.

AGAMBEN, Giorgio. The friend. Reading notebooks, n. 10. Access on 05/09/2017. Text made from the original L’amico (Roma: Nottetempo, 2007).

ARÃO, Douglas J. From Happiness to Friendship: ethical paths. Sapere Aude, Belo Horizonte, Vol. 2, n. 4, p. 89-94, 2011. Accessed on 05/09/2017.

ARISTOTLE. Nicomachean ethics. Trad. Mario da Gama Kury. 3rd ed. Brasília: Editora Universidade de Brasília, 1999.

BALDINI, M. Friendship & Philosophers. Trad. Antônio Angonese and Laureano Pelegrini. Bauru: Editora do Sagrado Coração, 2000.

BREA, Gerson. Friendship and communication: approximations between Karl Jaspers and Aristotle. Revista Archai, Brasília, n. 03, pp. 69-79, jul. 2009. Accessed on 02/09/2017.

FEITOSA, Zoraida M. L. The influence of friendship on Aristotle’s political constitutions. Prometheus, year 6, n. 11, p. 119-128, Jan./Jun., 2013. Accessed on 02/09/2017.

FLEITAS, Horácio F. R. Happiness and friendship in Nicomachean Ethics. Dissertation (Master in Philosophy). Graduate Program in Philosophy. University of Caxias do Sul. Caxias do Sul-RS, 2016.

GIANNOTTI, José Arthur. The friend and the benefactor. Analytica, v. 1, n. 3, p. 165-177, 1996. Accessed on 03/09/2017.

GOMES, Alexandre T. The figures of friendship in Kant and their relations with Moral, Law and Politics. Doispontos, Curitiba, São Carlos, vol. 7, n. 2, p.107-126, Oct., 2010. Accessed on 09/04/2017.

RICKEN, Friedo. Good Living in Community: the good life according to Plato and Aristotle. São Paulo: Loyola, 2008.

SOUSA, Gicélia V. de. Friendship and happiness in Aristotle. Course Conclusion Paper (Degree in Philosophy). Department of Philosophy and Social Sciences. State University of Paraíba. Campina Grande-PB, 2014.

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